Monday’s quake is one of the deadliest this century. The toll is expected to rise.

The death toll in Turkey and Syria after Monday’s earthquake rose quickly to about 4,500 and is expected to increase significantly as rescuers reach devastated cities and towns, making the temblor one of the deadliest in the 21st century.

The current tally of dead would make it the 10th most deadly earthquake since 2000.

Here are the deadliest temblors this century, according to the United States Geological Survey:

  • Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 2010: Around 316,000 people died in the magnitude 7.0 temblor that struck the capital. The quake was the worst in the region in over 200 years, and was followed by several aftershocks. Over a million people lost their homes.

  • Sumatra, Indonesia, 2004: A magnitude 9.0 earthquake ripped through Indonesia and could be felt as thousands of miles away in Africa. It was the most powerful earthquake in the world in four decades and killed more than 220,000 people across half a dozen countries in the region. The quake also set off powerful tsunamis that reached speeds of up to 500 miles per hour.

  • Pakistan, 2005: The Pakistan-administered region of Kashmir saw a magnitude 7.6 quake that killed over 85,000. The quake’s victims stretched into neighboring countries India and Afghanistan. At least three schools collapsed, killing hundreds of children.

  • Sichuan Province, China, 2008: A magnitude 7.9 earthquake hit a mountainous region that set off landslides, killed almost 70,000 and destroyed almost 80 percent of the infrastructure in the epicenter. The quake was felt as far away as Vietnam and caused a smaller quake in Beijing.

  • Bam, Iran, 2003: A magnitude 6.7 earthquake killed over 30,000 in its wake and devastated up to 90 percent of its residential areas. Several aftershocks, cut power lines and water services delayed rescue efforts for hours, leaving displaced citizens outside in freezing temperatures.

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